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What Should I Expect During the Legal Process?

Updated: Jun 25

Navigating the legal process can be daunting, especially if you are unfamiliar with the steps involved. Whether you are facing criminal charges, pursuing a personal injury claim, or dealing with a family law issue, understanding the stages of the legal process can help you feel more confident and prepared. At Brinkley Law, we are committed to guiding you through each step.

Here’s what you can expect during the legal process.

1. Initial Consultation

The first step in the legal process is an initial consultation with an attorney. During this meeting, you will:

  • Discuss the details of your case.

  • Provide any relevant documentation or evidence.

  • Ask questions about the legal process and your options.

  • Receive an initial assessment of your case and potential outcomes.

Key Points to Remember:

  • Be honest and thorough when describing your situation.

  • Bring any documents that may be relevant to your case.

  • Take notes during the consultation to help you remember key points.

2. Investigation and Discovery

Once you hire an attorney, they will begin investigating your case. This may involve:

  • Gathering evidence, such as documents, photographs, and witness statements.

  • Conducting depositions, where witnesses provide sworn testimony.

  • Filing discovery requests to obtain information from the opposing party.

Key Points to Remember:

  • Cooperate fully with your attorney’s investigation.

  • Be prepared to provide additional information or clarification as needed.

  • Understand that the discovery process can be lengthy and detailed.

3. Filing Legal Documents

Depending on the nature of your case, your attorney will prepare and file the necessary legal documents. This may include:

  • Complaints or petitions to initiate a lawsuit.

  • Motions to request specific actions or rulings from the court.

  • Responses to documents filed by the opposing party.

Key Points to Remember:

  • Review all documents carefully before signing.

  • Ask your attorney to explain any terms or procedures you do not understand.

  • Keep copies of all legal documents for your records.

4. Pre-Trial Motions and Hearings

Before your case goes to trial, there may be several pre-trial motions and hearings. These can include:

  • Motion to Dismiss: A request to terminate the case based on legal deficiencies.

  • Motion for Summary Judgment: A request for the court to rule in your favor without a trial, based on the evidence presented.

  • Pre-Trial Conference: A meeting between the judge and attorneys to discuss the case and plan for trial.

Key Points to Remember:

  • Attend all hearings and conferences as required.

  • Follow your attorney’s advice on courtroom behavior and procedures.

  • Understand that pre-trial motions can significantly impact the direction of your case.

5. Settlement Negotiations

Many cases are resolved through settlement negotiations rather than going to trial. During this stage, your attorney will:

  • Communicate with the opposing party to discuss potential settlement terms.

  • Advise you on whether to accept or reject settlement offers.

  • Negotiate the best possible outcome on your behalf.

Key Points to Remember:

  • Be realistic about the potential outcomes and your priorities.

  • Understand the pros and cons of settling versus going to trial.

  • Trust your attorney’s expertise and guidance during negotiations.

6. Trial

If your case goes to trial, you can expect the following:

  • Jury Selection: Choosing impartial jurors to hear your case.

  • Opening Statements: Both sides present an overview of their case.

  • Presentation of Evidence: Witnesses testify, and evidence is presented.

  • Closing Arguments: Both sides summarize their case and argue for a favorable verdict.

  • Deliberation and Verdict: The jury (or judge, in a bench trial) deliberates and delivers a verdict.

Key Points to Remember:

  • Prepare thoroughly with your attorney for your testimony.

  • Follow courtroom etiquette and procedures.

  • Understand that trials can be unpredictable and outcomes are not guaranteed.

7. Post-Trial Motions and Appeals

After the trial, there may be additional legal steps, including:

  • Post-Trial Motions: Requests to alter or reconsider the verdict.

  • Appeals: If you believe there was a legal error during the trial, you can appeal the decision to a higher court.

Key Points to Remember:

  • Discuss your options for post-trial motions and appeals with your attorney.

  • Be aware of deadlines for filing appeals or motions.

  • Understand that appeals can be complex and time-consuming.


The legal process can be intricate and challenging, but understanding each step can help you feel more prepared and in control. At Brinkley Law, we are dedicated to guiding you through the legal process and advocating for your best interests.

If you have any questions or need legal assistance, contact us today for a consultation. We are here to help you navigate your legal journey with confidence and clarity.



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